Geschichte
Geschichte

Like the other Canarian islands, Tenerife was originally settled by the Guanche. Tinerfe was considered the most powerful Guanche in Tenerife, living in the 15th century, after his death the island was divided among his nine sons.

  • 1483: The inhabitants of Gran Canaria surrender to the Spaniards.
  • 1492: The Canary islands was now confirmed as last European station before crossing the Atlantic which gave it an enormous strategic value.
  • 1494: Alonso Fernández de Lugo lands on Tenerife and lays the foundation-stone for the later Santa Cruz de Tenerife. A big contrast to the heavy defeat he suffered against the Guanche years before.
  • 1495: On 25 December the Guanche is finally defeated by La Victoria de Acentejo. Now the entire archipelago falls under the Spanish crown. The survivors mix in with their conquerors from the mainland and eventually disappear. La Laguna beomes the capital.
  • From now on Tenerife became an important base of the navigation between Spain and its American colonies.
  • 1657: The English admiral Robert Blake tries unsuccessfully to conquer with a fleet of 36 warships at Santa Cruz de Tenerife.
  • 1706:The English fleet, under admiral John Jennings, attempts once again to take the port of Santa Cruz but fails to secure Tenerife for Great Britain and the base for future trans-Atlantic crossings.
  • 1778: Santa Cruz de Tenerife receives the approval from the Spanish king Carlos III. to operate trade with America.
  • 1792: Establishment of the only university in the Canary Islands in La Laguna.
  • 1797: The English admiral Horatio Nelson loses his right arm in a battle around Santa Cruz de Tenerife, the only defeat of his career.
  • 1805: Horatio Nelson terminates the Spanish supremacy at sea by the victory at Trafalgar.
  • 1822: Santa Cruz de Tenerife becomes capital of the entire Canarian archipelago and holds this status until 1927.
  • A boom time was experienced during the following years. Important personalities such as Alexander of Humbolt visited the island. Nevertheless Tenerife could not get away from the prevailing feudalism, it was only later on that the political reforms came.
  • The first few years of the 20th century were shaping in to progressive political radicalization. 1936 General Franco was leader.The Spanish civil war did not reach Tenerife, however the economic isolation under the dictatorship had a negative affect. The only export at these times was bananas to the mainland.
  • 1975: After the democratization of Spain, Tenerife and all other islands of the archipelago received autonomy. This saw the beginning of the tourism boom.
  • On 27th March 1977, we saw the worlds worst, accidental air disaster, with 583 dead.
  • 1982:The Canarian Islands receive the status of an automonous region, with Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife alternating every four years as the seat of government.